The chemical and biological defense community at Edgewood consists of several distinct organizations.
- The Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense manages and directs the acquisition and fielding of chemical and biological detection and reconnaissance systems, individual and collective protection systems, decontamination systems, information management systems, medical devices, drugs and vaccines, and installation and force protection systems.
- The Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s chemical biological defense research component funds research with broad, long-term potential applications to chemical and biological defense. DTRA’s involvement is in the earliest stages of technology development.
- Edgewood Chemical Biological Center is an executing organization for chemical and biological defense technology development. It develops technology in the areas of detection, protection, and decontamination, and provides support over the entire lifecycle —from basic research through technology development, engineering design, equipment evaluation, sustainment, field operations, and disposal.
- The 20th Support Command provides the personnel, expertise and equipment in order to conduct specialized operations anywhere in the world. It is responsible for the military’s overall chemical and biological response readiness.
- The Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense (MRICD) is responsible for developing medical countermeasures to chemical warfare agents for US military and US citizens. Employees at MRICD will soon be working in a new laboratory complex – the largest construction project at Edgewood. Budgeted at more than $400 million and over 526,000 square feet, the facility is scheduled for completion in 2014.
- Also located at Edgewood is the Chemical Materials Agency, which was established to carry out the demilitarization of all existing stockpiles of chemical weapons in the United States. CMA also assists other countries in destroying their stockpiles of chemical weapons agent.
- Congress established the Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment program, known as ACWA, under Public Law 104-208 to identify and demonstrate at least two technologies as alternatives to incineration for the destruction of assembled chemical weapons. ACWA is based at APG.